City of the forum

The VIII-th International Forum on Cognitive Modeling (IFCM-2020) is held in Cala d’Or on the island of Mallorca.


Cala d’Or

Cala d'Or, the Forum Venue: Geography and History. Cala d'Or is a picturesque resort village, located in the South-Eastern part of the island of Majorca. It was discovered in the 1930s by a group of artists. Back then, it was a great place to find solitude and take up art. Many of the artists were inspired by the small caves and bizarre rock formations in the Cala d'Or area. Idyllic bays are located between the rocks and caves in this area. Today Cala d'Or is one of the glamorous resorts in Majorca. It belongs to the municipal district of Santanyi and is located 65 km from Palma. It seems to be close, but the transfer from the airport will take more than 1 hour. The reason for this is quite modest roads of the area.

Cala d'Or is surrounded by coniferous forests. There used to be an ordinary fishing village here, but in the middle of the last century the island began to actively develop the tourism industry, thanks to which Cala d'Or has become a popular town which managed to preserve the typical atmosphere inherent in small Spanish towns, the atmosphere of calmness, serenity and comfort. Today Cala-d'Or is a modern resort which stretches for 4 km and hardly resembles a small traditional fishing village. This is an elegant and respectable resort! Cala d'Or does not make an impression of a big city. There are almost no high-rise buildings, but the place abounds in quiet summer villas immersed in greenery, and its clean streets and neat minimalistic houses made of raw bricks and painted in traditional Mediterranean white (in this way Cala d'Or is similar to Ibiza and Santorini), create a unique atmosphere of tranquility and well-being. This was the idea of the famous architect Ferrero, the author of the project of this resort. Thanks to this, the town seems not only surprisingly bright and clean, but also as if out of the present world with its problems. It is like a town from the works by Alexander Green. That is why the resort is very popular among tourists! As soon as you inhale its pine-smelling air, the feeling of peace and quiet comes over you and there is no wish to hurry anywhere.



The town is divided into three parts: the Central – Cala d'Or, Cala Ferrera and Cala Egos. Small cozy bays and long bays surrounded by pine groves make up the perfect place for a beach holiday. The largest Bay, Cala Longa, bisects the town. Today Cala d'Or is one of the most visited resorts in Majorca; it is very popular among those who prefer a quiet, relaxing holiday. There are no noisy clubs, and discos are held only in hotels. It is also a great option for families with children. In general, the Eastern coast where Cala d'Or is located is a surprisingly calm, picturesque place on the coast of Majorca, known for the beauty of its many small bays (calas) with clear and incredibly blue waters and beaches hidden in the rocks of fine white sand. The resort has become a pleasant and attractive place at the Eastern shore!

There are no strong currents in the bays of the resort coast. There are small charming beaches, the water of which is perfectly warmed by the bright sun. They all are surrounded by wooded terrain and cliffs. Famous local beaches – Cala Gran, Cala Llonga, Cala Ferrera, Cala Serena, Cala Egor, Cala es Forti, Cala Esmeralda are separated from each other by rocks. They have a Blue flag for their purity, offer high quality service and a variety of entertainment: diving, sailing, surfing, fishing, water skiing, etc. The wild beach of Es Trenc, shaded by a pine grove and dunes, stretches for 5 km. It is also popular among nudists. A small bus regularly carries tourists between different areas of the resort and the beaches.

Climate. Weather.The temperature from July to September is up to 30 degrees during the day and 20-24 degrees at night. The average monthly water temperature in the sea in September is the same as in July – 25-26 degrees. Thanks to the mild climate, Cala d'or is ready to host tourists practically all year round.



Language. Two languages are spoken in the area: Spanish and Catalan, but English is used to communicate with tourists.



 Transport of Cala d'Or:

a) Buses and Cars. Bus number L501 runs from the resort to the capital of Palma, the ticket costs 3-8-13€. There are almost no other bus routes from Cala d'or, but many other resorts can be reached by bus from Palma. A direct taxi ride from Palma airport to Cala d'Or costs€ 65-90 depending on the season. Public transport doesn't function very well on the Eastern coast, so renting a car can be a good option if you plan to see the sights.

b) Sea Transport. Cala Llonga Marina, one of the best and safest in Mallorca, is located here. It is a large and very beautiful yacht port, receiving first-class yachts and privileged boats throughout the year. It offers boat trips to tourists. From here you can, for example, go to the fishing village of Cala Figuero, where you can have a walk around and get back. Given the length of the resort and the large number of bays, prepare for long but pleasant walks. In the area there runs a special tourist mini-train which carries tourists around the city and its surroundings. The cost of the trip is less than 4 euros. There is also a taxi a ride by which will be cheaper than by a mini-train if you travel in a group.



Shopping. The center of the resort is a shopping street with many tourist souvenir, fruit shops and boutiques with clothes. There is no market in Cala d'Or. You can go by car to the Sunday market in Felanitx which is considered to be the best in Majorca. Here you can buy souvenirs, including local ceramics, and can find real bargains especially if you are ready to haggle with the sellers. It is also worth visiting the market of fruits, vegetables and local produce on Wednesday and Saturday in Santanyi.

Cala d'Or Sights. Since the resort grew out of a small fishing village, it has no significant historical and cultural highlights. However, there are some interesting natural places to visit in the area, such as the beautiful and picturesque Mondrago Natural Park, 8 km to the south off Cala d'Or. It covers the area of 785 hectares and is the habitat for many animals and birds. The Park is equipped with paths not only for hiking and cycling, but also for horseback riding. Lovers of natural beauty should definitely visit the cave Drach (cave of Dragons) which is the most famous and most popular of all the two hundred caves of Majorca. It is 1.7 km long with the largest underground lake in Europe, 177 m long, 40 m wide and 5-8 m deep. During a visit to the caves, which lasts for about an hour, you can see 6 underground lakes. At the end of the tour, visitors will enjoy a 10-minute concert of classical music, as the lake is turned into a huge concert hall with excellent natural acoustics. The musicians play, sitting upright in the boats, which slowly glide on the illuminated water surface - a truly amazing sight!!

In mid-August, the town hosts a 7-day festival in honor of the local Patron Saint of the sea, during which festivities, dances and fireworks are arranged in the streets. On the evening of August 15, beautiful fireworks illuminate the sky of the resort.

Other attractions of Cala d'Or are the Cala Ferrera Quarter (a place to walk), Capdepera Fortress, Arta castle and caves, San Salvador, El Puerto II sports complex, etc. Cape Formentor is the Northern point of the Balearic Islands. In the middle of the XIX century, a lighthouse was built there. Cape Formentor has several viewing platforms which offer stunning views on the island and the coastline. Several gastronomic excursions and tours to Menorca can be arranged from Cala d'Or.



Sights of Majorca

Tired of the tranquility of Cala d'Or, you can head to Palma de Majorca - the largest town and the center of tourist life of the island. Palma de Majorca (Palma de Mallorca) is the capital of Majorca, located in the South on the shores of a huge Bay of exceptional beauty, recognized, along with the Bay of Naples, as one of the most beautiful bays in the world. The town was founded during the reign of the Roman Empire. The old blocks with narrow streets are perfect attractions that take a long time to explore. The city is famous for its magnificent collections of works of art, historical and architectural monuments of the 12th century, made in the Gothic style: Almudayana Palace, Belver Castle (has a circular shape, very rare for medieval castles in Europe), the Cathedral. There is an old quarter where the magnificent courtyards of can Vivot, the Church of St. Eulalia and St. Francis, Arab baths are preserved. While walking through the narrow streets and squares of the capital, you get the impression that you are in the center of fragile theatrical scenery which absorbed reminders of the heyday and glory of the local nobility.

One can go on interesting excursions to the medieval city of Alcudia, which stretches on the territory of Alcudia, with its fortress of the XIII century, the Church of San Jaume, the natural Park Albufera with several hundred species of birds.

Travelers will also be interested in other natural attractions of Majorca: Cabrera National Reserve, Galatzo Natural Park, extraordinarily beautiful old olive and almond groves