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Cascais  

Cascais (from cascale - "small stone") is a city and a sea port, center of the municipality of the same name. It is located 25 kilometers west of Lisbon on the Atlantic Ocean coast at Cape Roca - the westernmost point of Europe and it is a part of the Lisbon Riviera. Its population is 33.3 thousand people. In Cascais, as well as on the whole coast of central Portugal, the climate is warm and very mild climate throughout the year. The best time for the holidays is from May to the end of September. The average temperature in summer is from +25°C to +30°C, in winter - from +13°C to +18°C. Average water temperature in summer is from + 21°C to +25°C. The ocean is pretty cold for the rest of the year.

Cascais is a former fishing village, whose appearance on the site of the present city dates back to the XII century. 1364 is considered to be the foundation year of the city, when Cascais gained independence from Sintra. Throughout the Middle Ages, Cascais supported itself mainly by fishing and agriculture (olives, grapes, cereals); fishing vessels heading towards Lisbon also stopped there. In the XIV century it became the naval gates of Lisbon, a busy port and an important stronghold protecting the capital of the empire from the sea. A small fort was built there at around 1488. In 1896, Carlos I, the last king of Portugal, founded the country's first oceanographic laboratory in Cascais fortress. Since the second half of the XIX century, when swimming in the sea has become a popular form of recreation, the royal family has decided to use Cascais for the royal holidays instead of Sintra. Cascais quickly grew into a popular fashionable summer resort (along with neighboring Estoril). Today Cascais is a colorful and cozy resort town with a quiet park, romantic oceanfront castle, elegant pedestrian streets, luxurious villas, fashionable shops, restaurants and bars. The atmosphere of relaxation and recreation accompanies you throughout your stay in the Portuguese Riviera.

There is a pine forest by the shore of the city. The rocky coastal road alternates with quiet sandy beaches. Most travelers choose Cascais because of its magnificent beaches. They stretch along the coast for several kilometers, barely interrupted and well equipped. The most western - popular and large beach of Cascais is Guincho (Praia do Guincho). Even on quiet days the ocean is not calm; it has the highest waves in the area. Therefore surfing, windsurfing and kitesurfing lovers flock to Guincho. It can be called the "Mecca" of water extreme. It hosts surf championships. Just swimming on Guincho beach can be dangerous. Popular beaches among regular tourists are Torre, Ribeira, Tamariz Beach (for tourists with children), wild Cresmina Beach with unusual natural sculptures - volcanic formations. Cascais beach stretches to Estoril.

As a tourist center, Cascais includes the Old Town with a rich historical and architectural ensemble and a lively pedestrian zone, where the streets are paved in the form of sea waves with blue and white tiles. There are interesting small houses with white walls, tiled roofs, balconies with carved wrought iron lattice.

The most famous historical attractions:

- Fort (16 century) and Military Museum on its territory.

- Aristocratic Palace Museum of Castro Guimaraes (Palacio dos Condes de Castro Guiamaraes).

- Museum Library of Count Castro Guimaraes that keeps a well-stocked collection of 25,000 books (there are many rarities among them), paintings, sculptures, tiles.

- Maritime Museum (Museo do Mar), a rich collection of ocean animals, collection of fishing boats and miniature copies of the ships.

- Museum of painter Paula Rego. The official name of the museum - "House of Stories” (Casa das Histórias Paula Rego).

- Park Parque Palmela between Cascais and Estoril.

- Church of the Assumption Day (Igreja da Assuncao), there is a permanent exhibition of paintings of Portuguese painter Josefa de Obidos.

- Vintage temples of 15-18 centuries. - Chapel of Nossa Senhora da Guy (Capela Nossa Senhora da Gaia), church of Nossa Senhora da Assunção (Igreja Nossa Senhora da Assuncao).

- Citadel Fortress.

- Nautical Club, Queen's Beach (Praia da Rainha) with the highest viewing platform in the city, large number of markets, shopping malls and colorful shops.

- A nature wonder - rock Boca do Inferno (“Devil's Mouth"), a picturesque grotto Grutus do Poço Velho, Cape Roca - the westernmost point, where you can get a "certificate of honor" upon visiting.

- Discos and night clubs: Tenace actividades - bar restaura, Coconuts, O \ 'neill \' s irish pub, Chiriquinto pub, Gil & sanchez.

Cascais’ advantage is that almost all of the attractions of this part of the county are either directly in it or within walking distance of it.

A little further north of Cascais there is the town of Sintra, known to a wide range of readers thanks to the enthusiastic descriptions of Lord Byron in his works. Cascais and resort town Estoril are connected by a promenade, which makes evening walks particularly pleasant.

Transport infrastructure. Cascais is connected with Lisbon through an electric train line and highway. Bus lines connect Cascais with Sintra and Airport in capital.

Airports: Lisbon.

Visa: Schengen.